The International Institute for Sustainable Development has contributed to new research aimed at better integrating environmental aspects into international trade negotiations in association with its research partners at Environment and Trade in a World of Interdependence (ENTWINED).

The research partners study issues at the intersection of international economics, environmental economics and trade law, while engaging others who can help initiate change on key issues.

The partners have produced the following research papers:

  • A new approach to transparency and accountability in the WTO   
    Mark Halle and Robert Wolfe
  • Sustainable Markets are Growing – Is Sustainability Keeping Pace?
    Jason Potts and Mark Sanctuary
  • The Law and Economics of Trade in Biofuels
    Håkan Eggert, Carolyn Fischer and Petros Mavroidis
  • Border Carbon Adjustments from a Trade Policy Perspective
    Carolyn Fischer and Henrik Horn
  • Have Countries with Lax Environmental Regulations a Comparative Advantage in Polluting Industries?
    Thomas Sterner
  • Climate Policy and Emissions Leakage: Comparing the Options
    Carolyn Fischer
  • The Burden of Proof in Environmental Disputes Before the WTO: Legal Aspects
    Henrik Horn and Petros C. Mavroidis

ENTWINED was established four years ago to develop research on policy alternatives for managing the trade and environment interface. The purpose is to provide scientific knowledge and tools to support Swedish and other European negotiators and stakeholders in integrating environmental aspects into the international trade regime.

ENTWINED is funded by Mistra (Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research), which invests in research for sustainable development.

For more information, please contact Nona Pelletier, IISD media and communications officer. Phone +1 204 958-7740 Cell: +1 204 962-1303 [email protected]

About the International Institute for Sustainable Development

The world is challenged by a changing climate, biodiversity loss, abject poverty and environmental degradation. What can make a difference? Good ideas. Creativity. Passion. Innovation. The achievement of change.

IISD is in the business of promoting change towards sustainable development. As a policy research institute dedicated to effective communication of our findings, we engage decision-makers in government, business, NGOs and other sectors in the development and implementation of policies that are simultaneously beneficial to the global economy, the global environment and to social well-being.

In the pursuit of sustainable development, we promote open and effective international negotiation processes. And we believe fervently in the importance of building our own institutional capacity while helping our partner organizations in the developing world to excel.

Established in 1990, IISD is a Canadian-based not-for-profit organization with a diverse team of more than 150 people located in more than 30 countries. Through our dynamic portfolio of projects, we partner with more than 200 organizations throughout the world. To learn more about our history, please visit the IISD Timeline.

Click here to learn more about our project work and programs, which are guided by our strategic institutional directions. And please visit our IISD Linkages site to follow our coverage of international negotiations on environment and development.

IISD is registered as a charitable organization in Canada and has 501(c)(3) status in the United States. IISD receives core operating support from the Government of Canada, provided through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and Environment Canada, and from the Province of Manitoba. The Institute receives project funding from numerous governments inside and outside Canada, United Nations agencies, foundations and the private sector.