View this page in: Français
Progress made, but not enough to reach emissions targets post-Copenhagen
The industrial products industry – including the aerospace and defence, industrial manufacturing, chemicals, metals, and transportation and logistics sectors – remains a large contributor of greenhouse gases. While the industry has undertaken initiatives to reduce its carbon footprint, a new PwC report has found overall commitment lags far behind what’s needed to reach the Copenhagen Accord’s emissions targets.
The reduction in carbon intensity agreed to under the Copenhagen Accord averages 2% a year to 2020, compared to the 3.4% that PwC estimates as necessary to stay on a low-carbon pathway to 2050.
Although significant improvement is needed to reach the 2% target, a variety of industries have made some progress by employing different strategies to reduce emissions.
Aerospace and defence
Standing out from other industrial products segments is the aerospace and defence (A&D) sector, which has shown significant progress in taking proactive steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve fuel efficiency. For example, today’s jets are 70% more fuel efficient than those produced 40 years ago and further improvement is planned.
Moreover, a collective commitment developed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) also mandates that the international aviation industry adhere to: a cap on CO2 emissions starting in 2010 (carbon-neutral growth); an average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per year from 2009 to 2020; and a reduction in CO2 emissions of 50% by 2050 relative to 2005 levels.
Many efforts are also being made in the A&D sector to better employ technology and aircraft operations to improve fuel efficiency, such as retrofitting existing aircraft wings with new winglets to reduce drag, as well as improving flight planning accuracy and weight reduction strategies.
“The aerospace and defence sector is outpacing many industries in developing clear targets on a global level to lower emissions and has seen tangible results in reducing its carbon footprint,” says Mario Longpré, national leader of Aerospace and Defence, PwC. “Improving the fuel efficiency and emissions profile of aircraft is a major focus area for the aerospace industry and will likely intensify in the near-term.”
Chemicals, industrial manufacturing
The chemicals and industrial manufacturing sectors are taking a two-fold approach to climate change by employing strategies that reduce their internal emissions at the plant or factory level, while researching and developing product offerings that help their customers reduce their own carbon footprint. Moreover, the sectors are also focusing their attention on improving technical processes in production, enhancing the use of renewable raw materials and promoting recycling as a means of lessoning carbon emissions.
Strengthening the current patchwork of emissions regulations will have a significant financial impact for global metals companies. Metals companies will either have to invest in new technologies or bear the cost of participating in one of the various emission trading systems. One US proposal would require importers to purchase emission allowances. However, some progress is being made on a global and individual company basis.
“The majority of trade organizations in the sector are actively involved in promoting global efforts to reduce emissions,” says Jim Forbes, Global Metals leader, PwC. “We’re also seeing an increased number of metals companies reporting their sustainability achievements.”
Transportation and logistics
However, a consistent barrier in reducing emissions for most industry segments lies in the distribution of their products. To help overcome the carbon footprint of their transportation and logistics processes and to green their supply chain, many sectors are shifting to transport modes with lower emissions like ship or rail, downsizing products and packaging, and upgrading to truck fleets that are more fuel efficient or use bio-fuels.
“Reducing emissions is likely to pose a greater challenge to transportation and logistics companies over the next 20 years,” says Stephen Shepherdson, national leader of Transportation and Logistics, PwC. “Today’s patchwork of environmental regulatory measures will likely evolve into a more comprehensive system to ensure that the cost of carbon is appropriately allocated.”
To lower emissions, transportation and logistics companies will need to collaborate more with their customers. This may lead their customers to consider how to optimize their inventory locations and distribution centres, and closely examine the transportation services they employ.
For more information on these sectors or to download the report, visit: http://www.pwc.com/gr/en/publications/different-shades-of-green-outlook.jhtml
About PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
PricewaterhouseCoopers (www.pwc.com) provides industry-focused assurance, tax and advisory services to build public trust and enhance value for its clients and their stakeholders. More than 155,000 people in 153 countries across our network share their thinking, experience and solutions to develop fresh perspectives and practical advice. In Canada, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (http://www.pwc.com/ca/en/index.jhtml) and its related entities have more than 5,200 partners and staff in offices across the country.
“PricewaterhouseCoopers” refers to PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an Ontario limited liability partnership, or, as the context requires, the PricewaterhouseCoopers global network or other member firms of the network, each of which is a separate and independent legal entity.